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WATER CHEMISTRY

Proper water balance is the single most important factor to maximizing the life and appearance of the pool surface. Proper pH levels, for example, allow the chemicals to perform their function. Chlorine needs a certain pH level to kill bacteria and algae.

Proper technique is important for water testing. See your Pool Professional for test kits and testing procedures. Not all test kits use the same procedures be sure to read and follow the written instructions from the chemical manufacturer.

The following table shows ranges for the basic water chemistry parameters that work in most areas of the United States:

pH Levels
Not only do proper pH levels allow the other chemicals to do their work but also it is important to note that low and high levels can cause damage to the pool surface. Under the right circumstances with pH below 7.0, a vinyl liner can actually grow and develop unsightly wrinkles, and a concrete pool will have surface etching causing it to feel ruff. If you keep you pH level below 7 for a long period of time it will shorten the life of a liner and can cause wrinkles to form. High pH greatly can cause calcium to precipitate out of the water leaving a sc
ale on the surface.

Chlorine
a) In most areas of the country, a range of 1.0-1.5 ppm of chlorine will do the job of killing the bacteria in the water with a temperature below 70. When the water temperature is above 70 you should keep the chlorine level between 3-5 ppm.  Keeping the chlorine level above 5 ppm for long periods of time may have a bleaching effect on the pool surface.  Below the recommended range may not kill the bacteria or algae causing unsanitary conditions and possible staining in addition to allowing algae to grow.

b) Never let chlorine come into contact with the surface of the pool before it has fully dissolved. This means that granular chlorine is dissolved first into a bucket of water, and likewise liquid chlorine is poured in various locations around the pool and is immediately agitated, dispersed and circulated.Never put chlorine tablets directly into the pool allowing them to come into contact with the pool surface.  The broadcasting of tablets, granules, or concentrated chemicals can bleach a liner and shorten the life of the liner, damage the surface of a fiberglass pool, damage a plaster surface, and damage a painted surface.

c) Particular care is required for introduction of gas chlorine since the concentrations is so high. We do not recommend the use of chlorine gas in any pool unless handled by a licensed professional.

d) Never mix chemicals together, rather add chemicals to pool water separately and circulate throughout pool before adding second chemical.

CLEAN THE WATER LINE
Another major contributor to shortening the life of a pool liner is dirt and grime at the water line of the liner. The "bathtub ring" is usually caused by the accumulation of airborne contaminants, combining with dirt and body and suntan oils to settle on liner and can be baked into the liner by the sun. If the scum line gets baked in, it acts on the vinyl to prematurely dry and crack it, especially in the "sun corner" of the pool.

There is a simple and inexpensive way to reduce the problem. Routinely wipe the water line with a sponge (or a sponge with a recommended vinyl cleaner) to eliminate grime build up.

If grime build up has occurred, be sure to use only vinyl cleaners Like Bio Guard Off The Wall. NEVER USE ABRASIVE CLEANERS OR PADS ON THE LINER. DO NOT USE GASOLINE, KEROSENE, OR OTHER PETROLEUM PRODUCTS EITHER, AS THEY CAN CAUSE RAPID DETERIORATION OF THE LINER.

PROTECT THE WATER LINE
A good, non-alcohol, non-petroleum based vinyl protective liquid applied to a clean vinyl surface will reduce grime build up and ultra violet deterioration. Be sure to talk to a Pool Professional. Select a product specially suited for this use. We offer two products the first is Bio Guard Off The Wall to clean the water line.  To Protect the surface we offer Accessorie Chemicals Plexus.

DON'T DRAIN THE POOL!
Never lower the water level of the pool to less than a foot of water in the shallow end. If water pressure is removed from the liner, it may shrink even if less than 1 hour, causing, at the least, an unsightly liner, and up to tearing around fittings or in the corners. DO NOT DRAIN THE POOL, FIRST CALL YOUR POOL PROFESSIONAL.

AUTOMATIC POOL SWEEPS AND MAINTENANCE EQUIPMENT
Only use vacuum head, pool sweeps, brushes or other maintenance equipment that has been specifically designed for vinyl liner pools. Never use the telescopic pole in the pool without something attached to the end of the pole.

VINYL LINER REPAIR
In the case where a tear or cut occurs in the liner, it normally can be repaired with special pool vinyl repair kits. The adhesives are made to work under water or in the air. Consult your Dealer for the proper repair procedure indicated.

CLOSING YOUR POOL
Using the proper procedure for closing your pool is very important to extending the life and beauty of the liner. See your local pool dealer for specific instructions related to your region.  Different climates require different winterizing procedures.

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